RRSP, TFSA & MORTGAGE QUESTIONS
I have a bit of an RRSP problem. Don’t get me wrong, it’s a good problem to have- but a problem nonetheless.
The problem is twofold.
1- Assuming I keep doing what I’m doing – I’m at the point, where I’ll over contribute to my RRSP next year – so I need to reduce my contributions.
2- I am starting to realize my RRSP may be getting too large – meaning I may in line to pay some hefty taxes in retirement (poor me I know).
I fully understand you may (rightly) be thinking *Shut the fuck up Jordan – you should be happy* but this is a finance blog so I will continue…
Just over a year ago, I realised this may occur, and I reduced what I was putting into my own RRSP, and opened a spousal RRSP. I figured it made a lot more sense to have 2 medium sized accounts in retirement (paying lower taxes on each) than one large one (paying higher taxes). For those not aware, RRSP’s are allowed to grow sheltered from taxes, but once they are withdrawn, you must pay taxes on them.
As of my last monthly update my RRSP balance sits at $261,728.32.
Last year I put just over $18,000/year into RRSP’s. This was split about 8k into the spousal account and 10k into my own account.
I am currently 35 years old, which means most likely, I wont need this money for 15-25 years. I decided to run a couple scenarios to see what I could be looking at in (early) retirement.
|Continue to Contribute 10,000/Year|
|Age||7% return||5% return|
|45||$ 662,695.21||$ 558,395.73|
|50||$ 990,997.23||$ 770,689.30|
|55||$ 1,451,457.78||$ 1,041,635.67|
|60||$ 2,097,277.53||$ 1,387,439.53|
|Stop Contributing Completely|
|Age||7% return||5% return|
As you can see, all the scenarios look pretty good – even the paltry 5% return, assuming I never put another cent into my RRSP account would grow to over a million by age 65. That said, I always planned on retiring early and have fully expected to start withdrawing from the RRSP before age 60. This also doesn’t take into account my wife’s RRSP (albeit currently a small amount) or either of our TFSA’s.
A few other notes about my situation:
- Assuming no changes, my mortgage will be paid off when I am 55 years old
- At age 60 I can start receiving CPP (Canada Pension Plan)
- At age 65 I can receive the OAS (Old Age Security)
- I still have unused TFSA contribution room (as does my wife)
I expect I will need to work until my mortgage is paid off. Once the house is paid off, my monthly expenses will go WAY down. Aside from the mortgage expense being eliminated, I will also no longer be investing or paying for daycare. To give you an idea how much those 3 things will reduce my expenses by:
Current Mortgage/Investments/Daycare cost per month: $4300
Those 3 expenses account for around 65% of all my current expenses. (Over 75% once I give up my Winnipeg Jets season tickets after this season).
So the question is – what exactly SHOULD I do going forward. The way I see it, I have a few options.
- Put the full $18,000/year into the spousal RRSP (continue to get a decent tax refund which can be used to put into TFSA or down on mortgage).
- Continue to put $8-10k into the spousal and the rest into TFSA until it is maxed
- Pay down the mortgage faster
Mortgage Paydown VS More Investments
This is one of those topics that has been discussed to death, so I’m not going to go into major detail on it. Usually the argument boils down to:
Assuming interest rates stay low- over time you will have a better return investing vs paying off your mortgage.
That said, my goal is now to reduce taxes in retirement, not to build the largest nest egg possible. There is also something to be said for piece of mind. I’ve never been mortgage free on a primary residence – but I can only imagine it feels fuckin’ fantastic. On the other hand, if your investments can churn out enough cash (tax free or otherwise) to pay all your expenses – it’s basically the same thing).
It seems like reducing/eliminating RRSP contributions and a mix of increased TFSA contributions & a quicker mortgage pay down is the best option for me. If the ultimate goal is not needing to work, having no mortgage is probably the most sure fire way to get there as quickly as possible.
So there…it’s settled. I’ll stop putting money into RRSP’s, and start paying down the mortgage/maxing out the TFSA…..
An argument for continuing to dump more into RRSPs…
Awww shit, just when I thought I had it figured out.
Alas, there are still a couple reasons it may make sense for me to contribute to an RRSP.
- I am still in a higher tax bracket, so getting the tax savings now and using that juicy refund to pay down the mortgage is an option (If I do this – it would be into the spousal RRSP).
- RRSP contributions bring down your total taxable/net income. The government of Canada currently gives parents a cheque each month (tax free) based on their kids ages and taxable income. This means while my kids are still young, it makes sense to get my taxable income as low as possible, to get as much tax free $$$ from the government as possible.
I apologise if this post is coming across like a conversation with myself – but that is exactly what it is. I’ve been trying to convince myself exactly what I should do, and ensure I make the right decision. I haven’t made a decision yet, but I am currently leaning towards:
- Stop all RRSP contributions in my own account
- Increase spousal contributions to around $12,000 and put the rest into TFSA
- Use tax refund to make lump sum payment on mortgage
- Continue to do this until children are no longer eligible for Child Benefit and/or spousal RRSP starts getting large enough that I feel comfortable reducing the contributions
- Once spousal contributions are reduced, max out TFSA’s each year and put all extra onto mortgage
What do you think? Does this make sense? Would you do something similar or am I way off here? Does anyone else have similar concerns, or has anyone gone through this exercise already? Let me know in the comments!